Practical Toki Pona Dictionary

Etymologies from the Toki Pona website by Sonja Lang, licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0.

a

a
  1. (particle) (emphasis, emotion or confirmation)
akesi
  1. reptile, amphibian
Dutch hagedis
ala
  1. no, not, zero
  2. (particle) not (after a preposition or pre-verb)
Georgian არა ara
alasa
  1. to hunt, forage
Acadian French à la chasse
ale
  1. abundance, everything, life, universe
  2. (number) 100
Dutch alle
anpa
  1. bowing down, downward, humble, lowly, dependent
Acadian French en bas
ante
  1. different, altered, changed, other
Dutch ander
anu
  1. (particle) or
Georgian ან an
awen
  1. enduring, kept, protected, safe, waiting, staying
  2. (pre-verb) to continue to
Dutch houden

e

e
  1. (particle) (before the direct object)
en
  1. (particle) (between multiple subjects)
Dutch en
esun
  1. market, shop, fair, bazaar, business transaction

i

ijo
  1. thing, phenomenon, object, matter
Esperanto io
ike
  1. bad, negative; non-essential, irrelevant
Finnish ilkeä
ilo
  1. tool, implement, machine, device
Esperanto ilo
insa
  1. centre, content, inside, between; internal organ, stomach
Tok Pisin insait

j

jaki
  1. disgusting, obscene, sickly, toxic, unclean, unsanitary
English yucky
jan
  1. human being, person, somebody
Cantonese
jelo
  1. yellow, yellowish
English yellow
jo
  1. to have, carry, contain, hold
Mandarin

k

kala
  1. fish, marine animal, sea creature
Finnish kala
kalama
  1. to produce a sound; recite, utter aloud
Croatian galáma
kama
  1. arriving, coming, future, summoned
  2. (pre-verb) to become, manage to, succeed in
Tok Pisin kamap
kasi
  1. plant, vegetation; herb, leaf
Finnish kasvi
ken
  1. (pre-verb) to be able to, be allowed to, can, may
  2. possible
Tok Pisin ken
kepeken
  1. (preposition) to use, with, by means of
Dutch gebruiken
kijetesantakalu
  1. (pre-pu, humorous) any animal from the Procyonidae family, such as raccoons, coatis, kinkajous, olingos, ringtails and cacomistles
kili
  1. fruit, vegetable, mushroom
Georgian ხილი xili
kin
  1. a
  2. (pre-pu) indeed, also, as well
Finnish -kin
kipisi
  1. (pre-pu) to cut, slice, split
kiwen
  1. hard object, metal, rock, stone
Finnish kiven (Finnish kivi)
ko
  1. clay, clinging form, dough, semi-solid, paste, powder
Cantonese
kon
  1. air, breath; essence, spirit; hidden reality, unseen agent
Mandarin 空氣
kule
  1. colourful, pigmented, painted
Acadian French couleur
kulupu
  1. community, company, group, nation, society, tribe
Tongan kulupu
kute
  1. ear; to hear, listen; pay attention to, obey
Acadian French écouter

l

la
  1. (particle) (between the context phrase and the main sentence)
Esperanto la
lape
  1. sleeping, resting
Dutch slapen
laso
  1. blue, green
Welsh glas
lawa
  1. head, mind; to control, direct, guide, lead, own, plan, regulate, rule
leko
  1. (pre-pu) block, square, cube, stair
len
  1. cloth, clothing, fabric, textile; cover, layer of privacy
Acadian French linge
lete
  1. cold, cool; uncooked, raw
Acadian French frette
li
  1. (particle) (between any subject except mi alone or sina alone and its verb; also to introduce a new verb for the same subject)
Esperanto li
lili
  1. little, small, short; few; a bit; young
Tok Pisin liklik
linja
  1. long and flexible thing; cord, hair, rope, thread, yarn
Finnish linja
lipu
  1. flat object; book, document, card, paper, record, website
Finnish lippu
loje
  1. red, reddish
Dutch rooie (Dutch rood)
lon
  1. (preposition) located at, present at, real, true, existing
Tok Pisin long
luka
  1. arm, hand, tactile organ
  2. (number) five
Croatian rúka
lukin
  1. eye; to look at, see, examine, observe, read, watch
  2. (pre-verb) to seek, look for, try to
Tok Pisin lukim
lupa
  1. door, hole, orifice, window
Lojban clupa

m

ma
  1. earth, land; outdoors, world; country, territory; soil
Finnish maa
mama
  1. parent, ancestor; creator, originator; caretaker, sustainer
Georgian მამა mama
mani
  1. money, cash, savings, wealth; large domesticated animal
English money
meli
  1. woman, female, feminine person; wife
Tok Pisin meri
mi
  1. I, me, we, us
Esperanto mi, English me
mije
  1. man, male, masculine person; husband
Finnish mies
moku
  1. to eat, drink, consume, swallow, ingest
Japanese モグモグ
moli
  1. dead, dying
Acadian French mourir
monsi
  1. back, behind, rear
Acadian French mon tchu (French mon cul)
monsuta
  1. (pre-pu) fear, monster
mu
  1. (particle) (animal noise or communication)
mun
  1. moon, night sky object, star
English moon
musi
  1. artistic, entertaining, frivolous, playful, recreational
Esperanto amuzi
mute
  1. many, a lot, more, much, several, very; quantity
Esperanto multe

n

namako
  1. sin
nanpa
  1. (particle) -th (ordinal number)
  2. numbers
Tok Pisin namba
nasa
  1. unusual, strange; foolish, crazy; drunk, intoxicated
Tok Pisin nasau
nasin
  1. way, custom, doctrine, method, path, road
Croatian náčin
nena
  1. bump, button, hill, mountain, nose, protuberance
Finnish nenä
ni
  1. that, this
Cantonese
nimi
  1. name, word
Finnish nimi
noka
  1. foot, leg, organ of locomotion; bottom, lower part
Croatian nòga

o

o
  1. (particle) hey! O! (vocative or imperative)
Georgian -ო -o, Esperanto ho, English O
olin
  1. to love, have compassion for, respect, show affection to
Croatian volim (Croatian voljeti)
ona
  1. he, she, it, they
Croatian òna
open
  1. to begin, start; open; turn on
English open

p

pakala
  1. botched, broken, damaged, harmed, messed up
Tok Pisin bagarap
pali
  1. to do, take action on, work on; build, make, prepare
Esperanto fari
palisa
  1. long hard thing; branch, rod, stick
Croatian pȁlica
pan
  1. cereal, grain; barley, corn, oat, rice, wheat; bread, pasta
pana
  1. to give, send, emit, provide, put, release
pi
  1. (particle) of
Tok Pisin bilong
pilin
  1. heart (physical or emotional); feeling (an emotion, a direct experience)
Tok Pisin pilim, English feeling
pimeja
  1. black, dark, unlit
Finnish pimeä
pini
  1. ago, completed, ended, finished, past
Tok Pisin pinis, Acadian French fini
pipi
  1. bug, insect, ant, spider
Acadian French bibitte
poka
  1. hip, side; next to, nearby, vicinity
Croatian bȍk
poki
  1. container, bag, bowl, box, cup, cupboard, drawer, vessel
Tok Pisin bokis
pona
  1. good, positive, useful; friendly, peaceful; simple
Esperanto bona
pu
  1. interacting with the official Toki Pona book

s

sama
  1. same, similar; each other; sibling, peer, fellow
  2. (preposition) as, like
Finnish sama, Esperanto sama
seli
  1. fire; cooking element, chemical reaction, heat source
Georgian ცხელი cxeli
selo
  1. outer form, outer layer; bark, peel, shell, skin; boundary
Esperanto ŝelo
seme
  1. (particle) what? which?
Mandarin 什么
sewi
  1. area above, highest part, something elevated; awe-inspiring, divine, sacred, supernatural
Georgian ზევით zevit
sijelo
  1. body (of person or animal), physical state, torso
Croatian tijȇlo
sike
  1. round or circular thing; ball, circle, cycle, sphere, wheel; of one year
English circle
sin
  1. new, fresh; additional, another, extra
Mandarin
sina
  1. you
Finnish sinä
sinpin
  1. face, foremost, front, wall
Mandarin
sitelen
  1. image, picture, representation, symbol, mark, writing
Dutch schilderen
sona
  1. to know, be skilled in, be wise about, have information on
  2. (pre-verb) to know how to
Georgian ცოდნა codna
soweli
  1. animal, beast, land mammal
Georgian ცხოველი cxoveli
suli
  1. big, heavy, large, long, tall; important; adult
Finnish suuri
suno
  1. sun; light, brightness, glow, radiance, shine; light source
Esperanto suno
supa
  1. horizontal surface, thing to put or rest something on
Acadian French surface, Esperanto surfaco, English surface
suwi
  1. sweet, fragrant; cute, innocent, adorable
Tok Pisin swit

t

tan
  1. (preposition) by, from, because of
taso
  1. only
  2. (particle) but, however (at the beginning of a sentence)
Tok Pisin tasol
tawa
  1. (preposition) going to, toward; for; from the perspective of
  2. moving
English towards
telo
  1. water, liquid, fluid, wet substance; beverage
Acadian French de l'eau
tenpo
  1. time, duration, moment, occasion, period, situation
Esperanto tempo
toki
  1. to communicate, say, speak, say, talk, use language, think
Tok Pisin tok
tomo
  1. indoor space; building, home, house, room
Esperanto domo
tonsi
  1. (post-pu) non-binary
tu
  1. (number) two
English two

u

unpa
  1. to have sexual or marital relations with
uta
  1. mouth, lips, oral cavity, jaw
Croatian ústa
utala
  1. to battle, challenge, compete against, struggle against
Croatian ùdarati

w

walo
  1. white, whitish; light-coloured, pale
Finnish valko-
wan
  1. unique, united
  2. (number) one
English one
waso
  1. bird, flying creature, winged animal
Acadian French oiseau
wawa
  1. strong, powerful; confident, sure; energetic, intense
Finnish vahva
weka
  1. absent, away, ignored
Dutch weg
wile
  1. (pre-verb) must, need, require, should, want, wish
Dutch willen